Practical curriculum of students in businesses – legal analysis

Considering that the labour market in BiH is no longer dominated by large economic giants that in the past carried out the implementation of practical classes of students of vocational and technical schools, but this role was taken over by large, medium and small companies and crafts, the need that these economic subjects, in their diversity, are participating in conducting practical classes in the most adequate possible ways, increased. Practical classes and holiday practice could serve to motivate economic subjects to participate more significantly in this type of educational work, which has multiple benefits, both for these economic entities and for the labour market and society in general. However, it is necessary to determine in detail the obligations and responsibilities of everyone in the process, but also the possibility of providing additional support to various economic subjects by providing financial incentives, additional subsidies, and ensuring the quality of the practical curriculum.

Non-existent or incomplete legal regulations, as well as the lack of clearly defined roles of economic subjects, educational institutions, and students and their parents/guardians, as well as insufficient cooperation between them, are reasons for non-implementation or insufficiently effective practical classes in the economy.

The main topics covered in the research and discussed during the webinars held with representatives of various interest groups during the month of May 2020 are:

  • Existing legislation related to the implementation of practical training for economy subjects;
  • Engagement of students in practical classes in economy subjects from the aspect of labour and social law;
  • Protection and safety of students in practical classes with economy subjects;
  • Insurance of students from the consequences of an accident during practical classes with economy subjects;
  • Protection of students in practical classes with economy subjects from infectious diseases;
  • Reimbursement of transportation costs, food costs, and other fees or rewards for students in vocational classes in economic economy subjects with the tax treatment of these fees;
  • Contractual regulation of practical classes with economy subjects.

A brief overview of the recommendations can be downloaded HERE.

The integral version of the analysis can be downloaded HERE.

Foundation Helvetas Moja Budućnost remains committed to supporting its partners in the Zenica-Doboj Canton, Republika Srpska, West Herzegovina, and Herzegovina-Neretva Canton in order to improve cooperation between all stakeholders and improve and implement the legislative framework for most successful integration of the education and the labour market.