Practical teaching classes of students in business entities – legal analysis
Given that the labor market in BiH is no longer dominated by large economic giants that in the past carried out the implementation of practical training of students of vocational and technical schools, but this role was taken over by large, medium and small companies and crafts, the need to involve primarily these economic entities, in their diversity, in conducting practical classes in the most adequate ways possible is heightened. Practical classes and holiday practice could serve to motivate economic entities to participate more significantly in this type of educational work, which has multiple benefits, both for these economic entities and for the labor market and society in general. However, it is necessary to determine in detail the obligations and responsibilities of everyone in the process, but also the possibility of providing additional support to various economic entities by providing financial incentives, additional incentives, and ensuring the quality of practical training.
Non-existent or incomplete legal regulations, as well as the lack of clearly defined roles of economic entities, educational institutions, and students and their parents/guardians, as well as insufficient cooperation between them, are reasons for non-implementation or insufficiently effective practical classes in the economy.
Practical teaching of vocational school students in BiH has been a current topic for many years, which is being developed and implemented with different intensity in different administrative units within BiH. Given the growing need for economic entities to be more actively involved in conducting practical classes, as well as to create conditions for its more efficient performance, the aim of the research conducted by dmb consulting from Sarajevo in the period from January to April 2020 was not just to point out to omissions and shortcomings, but to present conclusions, identify good practices and offer recommendations that, if applied, could contribute to a more adequate functional arrangement and implementation of practical classes. As this research shows, some parts of the state have made clear strides in recent years and can serve as a kind of good practice.