Practical teaching classes of students in business entities – legal analysis

Given that the labor market in BiH is no longer dominated by large economic giants that in the past carried out the implementation of practical training of students of vocational and technical schools, but this role was taken over by large, medium and small companies and crafts, the need to involve primarily these economic entities, in their diversity, in conducting practical classes in the most adequate ways possible is heightened. Practical classes and holiday practice could serve to motivate economic entities to participate more significantly in this type of educational work, which has multiple benefits, both for these economic entities and for the labor market and society in general. However, it is necessary to determine in detail the obligations and responsibilities of everyone in the process, but also the possibility of providing additional support to various economic entities by providing financial incentives, additional incentives, and ensuring the quality of practical training.

Non-existent or incomplete legal regulations, as well as the lack of clearly defined roles of economic entities, educational institutions, and students and their parents/guardians, as well as insufficient cooperation between them, are reasons for non-implementation or insufficiently effective practical classes in the economy.

Practical teaching of vocational school students in BiH has been a current topic for many years, which is being developed and implemented with different intensity in different administrative units within BiH. Given the growing need for economic entities to be more actively involved in conducting practical classes, as well as to create conditions for its more efficient performance, the aim of the research conducted by dmb consulting from Sarajevo in the period from January to April 2020 was not just to point out to omissions and shortcomings, but to present conclusions, identify good practices and offer recommendations that, if applied, could contribute to a more adequate functional arrangement and implementation of practical classes. As this research shows, some parts of the state have made clear strides in recent years and can serve as a kind of good practice.

The main topics covered in the research and discussed during the webinars held with representatives of various stakeholders during May 2020 are:

  • Existing legislation related to the implementation of practical teaching classes for business entities;
  • Engagement of students in practical classes in business entities from the aspect of labor and social law;
  • Protection and safety of students in practical classes with business entities;
  • Insurance of students from the consequences of an accident during practical classes with business entities;
  • Protection of students in practical classes with business entities from infectious diseases;
  • Reimbursement of transportation costs, food costs, and other fees or rewards for students in practical classes in business entities with the tax treatment of these fees;
  • Contractual regulation of practical classes with business entities.

A brief overview of the recommendations can be downloaded HERE.

The integral version of the analysis can be download HERE.

Foundation Helvetas Moja Buducnost remains committed to supporting its partners in Zenica-Doboj Canton, Republika Srpska, West Herzegovina, and Herzegovina-Neretva Canton to improve cooperation between all stakeholders and improve and implement the legislative framework for more successful integration of education and the labor market.